WoMenstruate – know your period!
Menstruation, commonly referred to as periods is a part of normal physical development of a girl as she starts growing into a woman. The body undergoes a cycle of cleansing in the form of blood shedding, getting rid of tissue in the process.
How hormones start your period?
Hormones are chemical messengers that control your body functions. As you approach puberty, the brain’s pituitary glands produce hormones called estrogen and androgen that cause a lot of physical changes during puberty & monthly menstrual cycle.
What happens during your period phase?
The hormones cause the lining of the uterus (or womb) to build up. This gets the uterus ready for an egg (from the mom) and sperm (from the dad) to attach and grow into a baby. If the woman does not get pregnant, the lining breaks down and bleeds from the vagina.
How long does a period last for?
A period could last for anywhere from 2 to 10 days. The average is considered to be around 5 days. The menstrual cycle starts with the first day of the period and ends when the next period begins.
Track your menstrual cycle
To find out what's normal for you, keep a record of your menstrual cycle on a calendar. Begin by tracking your start date every month for several months in a row to identify the regularity of your periods.
Understanding the signs, understanding Pre- Menstrual Syndrome (PMS)
PMS is a combination of changes that many women get before or during their period and goes away after first few days of the period . Though the actual cause is unknown, researchers blame hormonal levels for PMS. Physicals signs like cramps, bloated tummy, hunger, headache, acne or emotional
changes like anxiety, depression, mood swings, change in sleep patterns, irritability, fatigue, emotional outbursts are hints that your period is on the way. Apart from these, forgetfulness and inability to concentrate are normal PMS indicators too.
Just like periods, PMS is natural. Balanced diet, exercise, adequate sleep, picking a hobby, managing stress better and keeping yourself positive can help you manage PMS effectively. Talking to your friends, family or consulting your gynae are the other ways to ensure that you don’t let PMS hinder your active and productive lifestyle.